We first met Wangari Maathai in the spring of 2002 at the Yale School of Forestry. We were at once captivated and inspired by her. We grasped immediately that her vision for change and her methods for change were interknit in a dynamic that showed its power and effectiveness in the doing rather than in political talking and ideology. She had the moral courage to speak truth to power and the patience, persistence and commitment to take action — against enormous odds.
In Wangari's story, we could see an evolutionary path that linked seemingly disparate realms. As her story unfolded, it became clear that each step she had taken could not have been taken without the ones before. Her path was a blueprint of her developing understanding, and hence, our understanding, of the nature of holistic change and the inextricable linkages between a healthy environment and healthy communities, good governance and peace. We were compelled to tell her story. It was timely.
Wangari was a cinematographer's dream. She was charismatic, humorous, a consummate storyteller. At the time of the first interview, Kenya was still under the administration of Daniel arap Moi, a man who had attacked Wangari personally, put her life at risk, and was in the process of destroying their country. Yet she held no bitterness toward this man, no hatred was expressed. Despite her amazing courage, she was humble. She had a delight in life and a positive outlook that filled her with a luminous presence.
It was not only what Wangari had accomplished that was stunning, it was also the way she had done it. She had had a way of choosing the right issue at the right time and not letting anything or anybody get in her way. Her story was organic; her rural roots connected her deeply to the earth, and despite her education and years in academia, she had never lost that connection.
When she left 15 years in academia, she reconnected with the rural women with whom she had grown up. In looking at their problems stemming from a degraded environment, Wangari was starting at the grassroots. These women were the caretakers of their families, and it was because their lives had become so difficult that she took notice. It made her problems in academia seem trivial by comparison.
One element of Wangari's and the Green Belt Movement's work that we really wanted to underscore in the film is the brilliant way they connected people's fear with their inability to act, and the cycle of fear that living under an oppressive government engenders. In working with the rural women, Wangari recognized that not only had the land suffered under the oppression of colonialism and neo-colonialism, but the women themselves and civil society as a whole had also been casualties. The way people survive on the land they live on is an integral part of how their culture is shaped over time and when that balance is upset, the results are devastating. The loss of land, the loss of culture, and the fear had rendered people immobile. In doing nothing, they felt less and less worthy; they had lost their dignity, their sense of self worth, and therefore any sense of the common good. For us, this was palpable in the Civic and Environmental Education Seminar that was so brilliantly facilitated by Green Belt Movement staff.
When people arrived at the seminar, they were timid. Their bodies showed that they were fearful. At the end of the first day, they were already changed; someone was listening to them. They discovered that they held the answers to their own problems. A transformation was taking place before our eyes.
We realized, more deeply than ever before, in learning about the history of colonialism and subsequent oppressive regimes in Kenya, that the mechanism of oppression, whether it is on a global, community, or familial level, is utterly destructive of peoples' dignity and their connection to themselves and to their environment. By taking action to improve their degraded environment, the women and men of the Green Belt Movement are empowering themselves to protect their lands, to take back their voices, and improve their circumstances. Thus, they are changing the mechanism of oppression and passing on a different story to their children. This story has further instilled in us a sense of awareness and passion to critically dissect oppressive structures and fight for a more just world.
It is our hope that Taking Root engages, inspires, and moves you to take actions that further environmental, social and economic justice, for they are inextricably linked. — Lisa Merton and Alan Dater
Lisa Merton, Producer/Director
Lisa Merton began her career as a weaver. She studied textile design and weaving in Scandinavia and, after returning to the U.S., worked professionally as a weaver for 10 years. While studying in Norway, Merton was inspired by a series of tapestries that depicted the occupation of Norway by the Nazis. Her intent was to weave tapestry and use it as an art form for social change, but instead she ended up as a production weaver. It was not until she started making films in 1989 that she fulfilled her intent to weave images that could inspire social change. Dater has a master’s degree in teaching English and has taught English as a second language in multicultural classrooms. She brings her interest in education, cultural diversity, and social change, as well as her skill as a craftsman, to the filmmaking process.
Alan Dater, Producer/Director
Alan Dater graduated from Goddard College in 1965 with a B.A. in philosophy. He began his film career in New York City shortly thereafter working on documentaries as a freelance soundman and later as a director/cameraman. Many of these productions were broadcast on the major U.S. networks and include Lifeline, an Emmy Award-winning medical documentary series for NBC; The Body Human, an Emmy Award-winning medical series for CBS; and National Geographic specials. Dater has gained extensive experience in film and video from working on many productions on the arts, social issues and education as well as projects for the corporate world. These productions include the feature film Hi Mom, directed by Brian De Palma and starring Robert De Niro and a documentary about the country singer Johnny Cash called Johnny Cash: The Man, His World, His Music. After moving to Vermont, Dater continued his freelance career and began producing independent films.